SOGIN - Nuclear Plant
(Società gestione impianti nucleari)
On 31.5.1999 Sogin has been incorporated by ENEL, the main Italian
electricity company, in the framework of the re-organisation of the
national electricity sector, set forth by the Italian law N° 79 of
March 16th, 1999, "Implementation of the EC/96/92 Directive
establishing community rules for the internal market in the
According to this law ENEL came to assume exclusively "holding"
functions, transferring operational activities to ad-hoc single
companies, incorporated to this end.
In the framework of this re-organisation, as of November 1st 1999,
ENEL made the spin off of the nuclear activities remitting to Sogin
all assets, privities, and personnel connected to activities for
decommissioning of nuclear power plants, for the fuel cycle closure,
and to all other related and resulting activities, previously assigned
to its department named SGN (Nuclear Plant Management).
At present, Sogin is no longer an operating Company within the ENEL
Group as it has been transferred 100% to the Italian Ministry of
old Sogin logo
new Sogin logo
Sogin, Nuclear Plant Management Co, is a joint stock company
responsible for the execution of activities related to the dismantling
of the dismissed Italian nuclear power plants, to the back end of the
fuel cycle, to the sites restoration and/or re-utilisation, and to the
business development towards the market.
The main branches of activities can be summed up as follows:
- the dismantling of the dismissed
Italian nuclear power plants
- the back end of the fuel cycle
- the sites restoration and
re-utilisation in order to valorize them with their connected assets
- the activity in the international
market in the field of engineering services.
The main target is to complete the
above mentioned activities acting in compliance with the guidelines of
the Ministry of Industry, which are described in the document, "Strategic
guidelines for the management of nuclear facilities" (14thDecember,
The scheduled decommissioning program related to the NPPs should be
concluded within twenty years. Sogin, taking into account these
guidelines, has provided the detailed programme. The involved NPPs are
two BWRs (Garigliano, Caorso), a PWR (Trino) and a gas graphite
reactor (Latina). They operated for decades with high degree of safety
In 1988, as a result of the popular referendum held in 1987, after
Chernobyl accident, the Italian Government decided to stop the nuclear
energy generation. Moreover it blocked the construction of Montalto di
Castro (2 X 1000 MWe BWR) and Trino 2 (2 X 1000 MWe PWR) nuclear power
plants, whose operation was planned to start in 1990.
Since then, preliminary decommissioning activities of the four plants
have been started with particular emphasis on the disposal of
operational radioactive waste. Now Sogin is carrying on the
decommissioning program of the four NPPs, the waste treatment and
characterisation awaiting for the final repository, the closure of the
fuel cycle (dry storage and reprocessing management).
Cumulated funds transferred to Sogin from Enel at the date of its
constitution were adequate to complete decommissioning activities
within the Safe Store strategy. Following the separation of Sogin from
Enel, a funding mechanism has been defined to provide resources for
additional costs deriving from the different economic conditions (new
discount rate and taxes), from the management costs for the new
company, and from the change in strategy (from Safe Store to DECON).
Sogin has a levy equal to about 0.6 Italian lire on any KWh sold in
Italy. Based on present consumption of electric energy, this amount is
about 150 billions of Italian Lire per year.
Consultancy and technical assistance abroad
In parallel with its institutional activities Sogin carries out
consulting and technical assistance activities in the nuclear sector,
including activities in the framework of TACIS and PHARE programmes.
Personnel and costs structures
Presently Sogin has a work force of about more than 600 employees,
which have been mainly inherited from the previous Company within Enel
Group. All competence and know-how on nuclear engineering has been
transferred to Sogin in order to give a continuity in the nuclear
activities and to give a prompt start to the new born activities.
Sogin has defined a personnel management whose target is to acquire
highly specialized personnel and to develop with proficiency both core
business activities and consultancy and technical assistance abroad.
Sogin intends to activate a programme based on an updating training
and re-conversion process for its personnel together with a well
defined hiring on particular competence.
source: European website on Decommissioning of Nuclear