Zona NucleareThe only national site for collection of nuclear wastes in Italy,
Sogin, Personages, Rules, radioactive wastes business,
ambiguous situations of a story around which turn Millions of Euro



Il sito unico nazionale per la raccolta delle scorie nucleari , la Sogin, i Personaggi, le Norme, il business dei rifiuti radioattivi  italiano

    The only national site for collection of nuclear wastes in Italy, Sogin, Personages, Rules, radioactive wastes business  english
    Le seul site national pour la récolte des déchets nucléaires en Italie, le Sogin, les Personnages, les Règles, le business des déchets radioactifs  francais
    イタリアにおける国の統合核廃棄物処分場、la Sogin(核施設管理株式会社)、重要人物、法規、放射性廃棄物ビジネス  japanese
    El único “sitio nacional” por la recolección de la basura nuclear en Italia, la SOGIN, los personajes, las normas, el negocio de los desechos radiactivos  espanol
    Einziges Atommüll-Endlager in Italien, die SOGIN, die Mitwirkenden, die Normen, der Business des radioaktiven Abfalls  deutsch

1. I.A.E.A. report of nuclear power development in Italy
2. What is SOGIN - Nuclear Plant Management?
3. What is ANPA (now called APAT)?
4. Decommissioning in Italy - National fact sheet
5. Status of decommissioning activities of Italian Nuclear Power Plants
6. More info about Scanzano Jonico (or Ionico) and nuclear waste repository
7. Italy to send nuclear waste abroad for disposal and UK to keep foreign nuclear waste


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Welcome to Zona Nucleare (Nuclear Zone)


The subject here is to provide analogies and facts on the argument regarding the choice of a nuclear waste deposit in Italy and dealing in particular with the Government decision of November 13th 2003 choosing the town of Scanzano Ionico in Basilicata as the only possible site.
I will have a apolitic behaviour and I will mainly try to re-elaborate news published in internet.
Please, if you find error or if you know news, tell me your more info.

                    in collaboration with

At the moment, I had not opportunity to translate everything. So I wrote here under a little, but complete introduction about "nuclear in Italy" and "only national site for collection of nuclear wastes in Italy".


   November 1987  

After the disaster of Chernobyl, a referendum (November 8th 1987) has banned the use of nuclear power in Italy.
65.1% of Italians go to vote. The results were:

- 80.6% said No to the construction of nuclear power plants in Italy
- 71.9% said No to the share of the E.n.e.l. (Corporate body National Electric Energy) to nuclear power plants to the foreign countries
- 79.7% said No to contributions to stimulate nuclear power plants

The radioactive waste are as of today kept in more places that one in unsafe conditions. (generally near old nuclear power plants)


   March 2003  

The Italian Government appoints General Carlo Jean, President of SOGIN, as the Delegated Commissioner to implement safety rules to the nuclear wastes produced in Italy, as well as the power to initiate dismantling procedures of certain electronuclear plants of Garigliano (Caserta), Trine Vercellese (Vercelli), Caorso (Piacenza) and Latina.

All the plants of the new technologies corporate entity as well as the energy, environment and Nucleco. And also: Eurex nuclear waste deposit and Fiat Avio nuclear waste deposit in Saluggia (Vercelli), plant Plutonium and plant Celle Calde in Casaccia (Roma), ITREC in Trisaia (Matera), FN nuclear plants in Bosco Marengo (Alessandria)

At the same time commence the process to individualize a site fit for deposits of nuclear waste with a group of consultants and experts providing advice to SOGIN.
Soon rumors are spread that the possible sites could be located in the regions of: Puglia, Sicily, Tuscany, Basilicata and Sardinia. Sardinia being the most likely to be chosen.

   November 2003  

Scanzano Ionico is in red pointOn November 13th 2003 without any previous notice by the Italian Government (Consiglio Dei Ministri N. 131 – 13 Novembre 2003), chooses Scanzano Ionico as the site to deposit 50,000 tons of nuclear waste, which amounts to the total produced by the whole country. Scanzano Ionico is of course located in the Basilicata region in southern Italy, known for the archeologic richness and where many movies related to ancient history have been filmed including the latest Mel Gibson’s (The Passion of the Christ). In addition, Scanzano Ionico in particular, a town of 50 years old is the biggest producer of agricultural products, which include fruits and vegetables.
By coincidence, the company chosen for the construction of this site was of course Sogin headed by General Carlo Jean (the appointed Commissioner).

Some Government experts say that Scanzano Ionico has the morphology that «it is equivalent to the conditions of the select national site in Usa for the same purpose». But the American site ("W.I.P.P." - Waste Isolation Pilot Plant) is in the New Mexico desert. Away from built-up areas and lands fit for cultivation.
Carlo Rubbia (
scientist of international fame and president of the C.N.R. – National Center Searches in Italy) in an interview to the national televisions has expressed doubts in a hasty and disputable choice.


The plan is to bury the nuclear wastes in wells of 800 metres in depth in a great bead of salt, based on studies and data from the early seventies (they are words of the general Carlo Jean). Studies did not take into consideration the seismic events that plagued Campania and Basilicata (in 1980 and 1999) in the early eighties making the site unsafe for such a project. Unlike the site chosen by USA in the desert New Mexico, where on site studies were conducted for 25 years and not overnight like the Italian Government.

As previously indicated, this would also destroy a very fertile area along the Metaponto and including the “polis” of Pitagora, an area that is today named the “California of Italy”.

Highways and railroads are blocked in the red pointThe Basilicata does not meet any of the requirements other that the approval of General Carlo Jean, therefore, the population organized pacific protests for 20 days by blocking highways and railroads to stop all traffic, and create awareness of the Italian population.



The decision to choose Scanzano Ionico (Basilicata) as the national site for nuclear wastes is strongly opposed and debatable based on the following reasons:

1. The site is very close to the three dams that support the Basilicata water system holding some 450 million cubic metres of water and considered to be the biggest in Europe

2. The site is close to an area strongly subject to the phenomenon of coast erosion

3. Basilicata is the Italian region with the greatest seismic activity

4. The Government itself has admitted that insufficient studies have been conducted and like other countries, many years will be required to conduct proper analysis

5. The Basilicata region is an area rich of values such as naturalistic, historical and archeological. Scanzano Ionico is also protected by the European Union for the Flora and Fauna. Nearby the city of Matera is found, called the "city of the stones", which is now under the UNESCO since 1994. Basilicata was also known as part of the “Magna Grecia” during the Greek Empire

6. Agriculture is the main economy

It should be noted that the A.I.E.A. (Agency International Atomic Energy) established rules for the deposit of nuclear waste, which are not being followed especially regarding the choice of Scanzano Ionico.
One example of the irresponsibilities if the following: there is a natural gas deposit with the site being less than 100 metres (109 yards) from the sea. The costal line is subject to erosion at the rate of a metre per year, which would lead to conclude that this site could be in the sea 100 years from now.

   December 2003

Following the protest of the Basilicata, which was supported almost by all regions of Italy a new decree was issued November 14, 2003 # 314, which states the following:
the nomination of a new group of experts will be nominated in charge of individualizing the of the safest site to become the centre of nuclear waste deposits.

This means that another analogous situation will be maximum one year.

   July 2004

The errand still has not been named.


 Scanzano Ionico is not away from built-up areas and lands fit for cultivation


Recent News and Observations
(only in english)






(usa il motore di ricerca e trovi quello che vuoi nelle oltre 800 pagine del sito)

1. Cosa è la radioattività? e i suoi effetti?
2. L' uomo, le radiazioni corpuscolari ed elettromagnetiche, le radiazioni ionizzanti
3. Le applicazioni della radioattività e delle radiazioni ionizzanti
4. Cosa sono le scorie nucleari?
5. Cosa sono i rifiuti radioattivi? (definizione, classificazione, origine)
6. La gestione dei rifiuti radioattivi

7. Documentazione scientifica in merito alla materia "rifiuti nucleari"
8. Come si effettua rilevamento e la misurazione della radioattività? (cenni normativi, strumenti, unità di misura)

1. La scelta del sito per il deposito di rifiuti nucleari: dall' Enea alla Sogin
2. Scorie nucleari. Il Commissario e la Commissione
3. Il decreto-legge n. 314/03 e la legge di conversione n.368/03
Accordi, norme e raccomandazioni internazionali che non sono state rispettate nella legge 368/03
Risoluzione del Comitato delle Regioni (organo UE) n. 251 del 1998
6. Il Progetto europeo COMPAS
7. Riferimenti normativi in merito alla materia "rifiuti nucleari"
8. Guida Tecnica n. 26 - La gestione dei rifiuti radioattivi

9. Le Direttive Europee che disciplinano l’ accesso del pubblico all’ informazione ambientale
10. Il diritto alle informazioni e ai processi decisionali e le sue basi normative
1. La commissione parlamentare d' inchiesta Scalia
2. La Task Force Enea
3. L' Inventario   Nazionale dei Rifiuti Radioattivi - ENEA 2000
4. Il GIS (Sistema Informativo Geografico) della Task Force Enea
5. Il GIS (Sistema Informativo Geografico) del GSP3 - SITO
6. Carlo Jean, un Generale molto militare, poco nucleare...
7. I mille incarichi del prof. Paolo Togni - vice della Sogin e tanto altro...
8. La Sogin Spa e il nucleare in Italia
9. Le attività della Sogin
10. Il parere che Carlo Rubbia ha esposto in Parlamento
Il parere degli esperti: J.K. Mitchell, B. De Vivo, P.Risoluti, T. Regge
12. Quali fattori per la scelta: scientifici? ...o forse politici?
13. Il referendum sul nucleare del 1987
14. Mappa degli attuali depositi di materiale radioattivo in Italia
La situazione in Italia dei rifiuti radioattivi
16. Studio Sogin per la localizzazione del sito a Scanzano Ionico - relazione integrale
17. Studio Sogin per la localizzazione del sito a Scanzano Ionico - appendice finale
18. Workshop internazionale sul decommissioning degli impianti nucleari - Roma 2004
1. L' ecomafia dei rifiuti in Italia
2. Il traffico di materiale ferroso contaminato alle fonderie
3. Navi affondate e sospetti: i traffici di rifiuti pericolosi e radioattivi
4. La legge-delega sull'ambiente: effetti, personaggi, valutazioni
5. Il Ministro dell’Ambiente Matteoli: paralisi o no?

6. La costruzione del "sito unico": l'Impregilo e la B.N.L. in prima linea?
7. A Taranto una base USA per i sottomarini nucleari?
8. Il rischio attentati terroristici legati ai depositi di scorie radioattive
1. La situazione in Europa dei rifiuti radioattivi
2. I depositi per lo smaltimento dei rifiuti nucleari nel mondo
Il problema delle scorie radioattive in USA

4. Il problema delle scorie radioattive in Russia
5. L'impianto di Sellafield in Gran Bretagna per il trattamento di rifiuti nucleari
Lo smantellamento degli arsenali nucleari, l' uranio altamente arricchito (HEU), il plutonio e il mox
7. Il costo per la conservazione e lo smaltimento definitivo del materiale radioattivo
1. Lo smaltimento sotto i fondali marini
La "trasmutazione" dei nuclei radioattivi a vita media-lunga in elementi stabili e il "motore" di Rubbia

3. Il Sole come discarica per le scorie nucleari
4. L'uso civile e bellico dell' uranio impoverito (il "prodotto di scarto")
5. Il batterio che ripulisce dalla radioattività




last update January 2006     ::     online since 19 December 2003