Zona NucleareThe only national site for collection of nuclear wastes in Italy,
Sogin, Personages, Rules, radioactive wastes business,
ambiguous situations of a story around which turn Millions of Euro



Il sito unico nazionale per la raccolta delle scorie nucleari , la Sogin, i Personaggi, le Norme, il business dei rifiuti radioattivi  italiano

    The only national site for collection of nuclear wastes in Italy, Sogin, Personages, Rules, radioactive wastes business  english
    Le seul site national pour la récolte des déchets nucléaires en Italie, le Sogin, les Personnages, les Règles, le business des déchets radioactifs  francais
    イタリアにおける国の統合核廃棄物処分場、la Sogin(核施設管理株式会社)、重要人物、法規、放射性廃棄物ビジネス  japanese
    El único “sitio nacional” por la recolección de la basura nuclear en Italia, la SOGIN, los personajes, las normas, el negocio de los desechos radiactivos  espanol
    Einziges Atommüll-Endlager in Italien, die SOGIN, die Mitwirkenden, die Normen, der Business des radioaktiven Abfalls  deutsch

1. I.A.E.A. report of nuclear power development in Italy
2. What is SOGIN - Nuclear Plant Management?
3. What is ANPA (now called APAT)?
4. Decommissioning in Italy - National fact sheet
5. Status of decommissioning activities of Italian Nuclear Power Plants
6. More info about Scanzano Jonico (or Ionico) and nuclear waste repository
7. Italy to send nuclear waste abroad for disposal and UK to keep foreign nuclear waste


Novità! Cerchi
news sul nucleare?

archivio nucleare


Non trovi quello che
cerchi? Vorresti che
fosse approfondito un
determinato argomento?
Hai individuato una
inesattezza? Hai a
disposizione altro
materiale? Per ogni
dubbio o chiarimento
non esitare a contattarci


cerchiamo collaboratori che abbiano conoscenze in ambito "nucleare" e "radioprotezione" per motivi di studio o lavoro



Italy to send nuclear waste abroad for disposal and UK to keep foreign nuclear waste


December 18th 2004 - Italy to send nuclear waste abroad for disposal

Italy's nuclear waste is to be sent abroad for disposal. The Italian state-owned company SOGIN said Environment Minister Altero Matteoli had drawn up a decree authorizing the 20-year-old waste to be sent abroad, probably to France or Britain. SOGIN said the decree covered 250 tons of waste, most of which is currently stored at two plants in Piedmont and a third plan in Emilia Romagna. It said the cost of the transport and disposal operation would come to some 300 million euros.

Most of the waste is spent fuel from Italy's four reactors, one of which was shut down in 1978. The other three were closed down after a 1987 referendum halted Italy's nuclear power production.

Last year, Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi's government bowed to popular pressure to consider alternative sites for a proposed national nuclear dump that was to be set up in the southern region of Basilicata. The dump was to store 80,000 cubic meters of medium and high grade nuclear waste that is expected to remain radioactive for between 20,000 and 150,000 years. The national nuclear dump was to be set up at the tiny town of Scanzano Jonico on Italy's south coast, but locals were outraged at the government decision. Thousands joined protests including road blocks, marches and hunger strikes.  [1]


December 15th 2004 - UK to keep foreign nuclear waste

The U.K. government has decided to bury Japanese, German, Italian, Spanish, Swiss and Swedish nuclear waste in Britain as a money-making venture to help pay for the UK's own unresolved nuclear waste problems. The decision, announced in a written Commons statement, has been taken by the trade secretary Patricia Hewitt despite the fact that Britain as yet has no depository for the waste. It overturns a 30-year-old policy that the UK would not become a dumping ground for other countries' nuclear waste.

Previously both Conservative and Labour governments have said waste arising as a result of lucrative nuclear fuel reprocessing contracts at Sellafield in Cumbria should be returned to the country of origin. Successive governments had intended to return all highly dangerous waste contaminated with plutonium to its country of origin - a total of 225 nuclear shipments. This week's decision means keeping and disposing of the bulk of that toxic waste in Britain.

Mrs Hewitt said: "The benefits are both environmental and economic." She said the additional income - up to £680m - would be "used for nuclear clean-up which will result in savings for the UK taxpayer over the longer term".

Environmental groups warn that it will leave Britain with thousands of tonnes of waste for which there is currently no form of disposal. Jean McSorley, nuclear campaigner for Greenpeace, said: "The government is trying to encourage Japanese utilities, and others, to sign more reprocessing contracts at Sellafield knowing that they will not have to have their nuclear waste returned."

The government has set up a committee to find a way of disposing of high- and intermediate-level nuclear waste safely. It considered 20 options, including burying the waste in the Antarctic and firing it at the sun. No preferred method has been established, but it is likely to be either storage above ground or disposal below ground in deep rock caverns.

British Nuclear Fuels, which currently stores the foreign waste at Sellafield, said it was delighted by the decision. A spokesman said it would mean up to 3,000 cubic metres of radioactive waste would now not need to be shipped back to its place of origin, saving tens of thousands of tonnes of greenhouse gases in ship fuel.

As a result of this week's decision, the foreign waste that will remain in Britain will be exchanged for much smaller quantities of waste of a higher radioactivity produced from British reactors - up to 38 shipments. The government says this trade amounts to an equal quantity of radioactivity.

Critics though raise the prospect of the British waste being hijacked by terrorists. Llew Smith, Labour MP for Blaenau Gwent, last night asked a written question of Ms Hewitt about her assessment of any increased terrorist threat. "Intermediate level waste is bulky and difficult to handle but shipments of high level waste in smaller cannisters might be an attractive terrorist target," he said.

The policy would mean very long-lived, high-activity radioactive waste from Sellafield being shipped to Japan. To European continental customers it will be carried on ferries and trains to Germany, Switzerland, Spain, Sweden and Italy. The government says using armed police and transports mounted with guns to escort the high level waste minimises the risk.

Currently overseas nuclear waste is stored at Sellafield either in the form of glass blocks, untreated liquid waste, or in drums of solid waste. It is mixed up together with UK waste but British Nuclear Fuels keeps a log of how much radioactivity had been allocated to each country.

Gordon MacKerron, head of the government's committee on radioactive waste management, said: "Of course the volumes of nuclear waste we will have to deal with in Britain will be substantially greater... but overall because of the large existing volume of UK waste it will not make a big difference in percentage terms.

"In practical terms it does not make a lot of difference to our overall nuclear waste problem."  [2]


January 5th 2005 - Italy to export nuclear waste to UK

Italy is hoping to export 99% of its nuclear waste to the UK after public demonstrations made it impossible to find a suitable site on Italian soil.
The Italian government has 235 tonnes of spent fuel from the country's long decommissioned reactors in deteriorating stores.

Contracts worth £200m are on offer to British Nuclear Fuels (BNFL) at Cumbria to reprocess the nuclear fuel, provided the UK keeps the waste and the plutonium and uranium that would be recovered. The Italian nuclear industry was shut down after the Chernobyl disaster.

The Department of Trade and Industry cleared the way for the import of nuclear fuel and retention of overseas nuclear waste in Britain a week before Christmas, when rules insisting that waste should be returned to the country of origin were relaxed.

The government said retaining waste from half a dozen customers of BNFL would increase the revenue of the state-owned company by £680m, and this would go towards the £2bn a year clean-up costs.

Any plan to import waste from Italy is bound to be controversial because the UK has failed to find its own depository for waste and is not expected to have one for another 30 years. The government says that importing spent fuel for reprocessing and keeping the waste only adds a few per cent to the UK's waste that is already stored at sites round the country.

The department said yesterday that it had had no formal contact with the Italians over the proposed contract. A public consultation would be held before any new contracts were signed, and Patricia Hewitt, the trade and industry secretary, would make a final decision.

BNFL, which has told local groups in Cumbria that it had informal talks with the Italians in the summer, said yesterday that there had been no formal approach.

A decree allowing the export of waste was signed in Italy last month. Sogin, the Italian government organisation charged with dealing with the country's nuclear legacy, has said it will approach the UK next month when the decree becomes law.

The Guardian, meanwhile, is challenging the government's refusal to publish details of its contracts allowing Italy to send nuclear waste to Britain.

The DTI has claimed the information was too "sensitive" and would embarrass the Italian government.

Now the newspaper has submitted a request under the Freedom of Information Act which requires the DTI to respond within 20 working days.   [3]



http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2004-12/19/content_2353077.htm    [1]
http://politics.guardian.co.uk/green/story/0,9061,1373965,00.html    [2]
http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk_news/story/0,3604,1383395,00.html  [3]






(usa il motore di ricerca e trovi quello che vuoi nelle oltre 800 pagine del sito)

1. Cosa è la radioattività? e i suoi effetti?
2. L' uomo, le radiazioni corpuscolari ed elettromagnetiche, le radiazioni ionizzanti
3. Le applicazioni della radioattività e delle radiazioni ionizzanti
4. Cosa sono le scorie nucleari?
5. Cosa sono i rifiuti radioattivi? (definizione, classificazione, origine)
6. La gestione dei rifiuti radioattivi

7. Documentazione scientifica in merito alla materia "rifiuti nucleari"
8. Come si effettua rilevamento e la misurazione della radioattività? (cenni normativi, strumenti, unità di misura)

1. La scelta del sito per il deposito di rifiuti nucleari: dall' Enea alla Sogin
2. Scorie nucleari. Il Commissario e la Commissione
3. Il decreto-legge n. 314/03 e la legge di conversione n.368/03
Accordi, norme e raccomandazioni internazionali che non sono state rispettate nella legge 368/03
Risoluzione del Comitato delle Regioni (organo UE) n. 251 del 1998
6. Il Progetto europeo COMPAS
7. Riferimenti normativi in merito alla materia "rifiuti nucleari"
8. Guida Tecnica n. 26 - La gestione dei rifiuti radioattivi

9. Le Direttive Europee che disciplinano l’ accesso del pubblico all’ informazione ambientale
10. Il diritto alle informazioni e ai processi decisionali e le sue basi normative
1. La commissione parlamentare d' inchiesta Scalia
2. La Task Force Enea
3. L' Inventario   Nazionale dei Rifiuti Radioattivi - ENEA 2000
4. Il GIS (Sistema Informativo Geografico) della Task Force Enea
5. Il GIS (Sistema Informativo Geografico) del GSP3 - SITO
6. Carlo Jean, un Generale molto militare, poco nucleare...
7. I mille incarichi del prof. Paolo Togni - vice della Sogin e tanto altro...
8. La Sogin Spa e il nucleare in Italia
9. Le attività della Sogin
10. Il parere che Carlo Rubbia ha esposto in Parlamento
Il parere degli esperti: J.K. Mitchell, B. De Vivo, P.Risoluti, T. Regge
12. Quali fattori per la scelta: scientifici? ...o forse politici?
13. Il referendum sul nucleare del 1987
14. Mappa degli attuali depositi di materiale radioattivo in Italia
La situazione in Italia dei rifiuti radioattivi
16. Studio Sogin per la localizzazione del sito a Scanzano Ionico - relazione integrale
17. Studio Sogin per la localizzazione del sito a Scanzano Ionico - appendice finale
18. Workshop internazionale sul decommissioning degli impianti nucleari - Roma 2004
1. L' ecomafia dei rifiuti in Italia
2. Il traffico di materiale ferroso contaminato alle fonderie
3. Navi affondate e sospetti: i traffici di rifiuti pericolosi e radioattivi
4. La legge-delega sull'ambiente: effetti, personaggi, valutazioni
5. Il Ministro dell’Ambiente Matteoli: paralisi o no?

6. La costruzione del "sito unico": l'Impregilo e la B.N.L. in prima linea?
7. A Taranto una base USA per i sottomarini nucleari?
8. Il rischio attentati terroristici legati ai depositi di scorie radioattive
1. La situazione in Europa dei rifiuti radioattivi
2. I depositi per lo smaltimento dei rifiuti nucleari nel mondo
Il problema delle scorie radioattive in USA

4. Il problema delle scorie radioattive in Russia
5. L'impianto di Sellafield in Gran Bretagna per il trattamento di rifiuti nucleari
Lo smantellamento degli arsenali nucleari, l' uranio altamente arricchito (HEU), il plutonio e il mox
7. Il costo per la conservazione e lo smaltimento definitivo del materiale radioattivo
1. Lo smaltimento sotto i fondali marini
La "trasmutazione" dei nuclei radioattivi a vita media-lunga in elementi stabili e il "motore" di Rubbia

3. Il Sole come discarica per le scorie nucleari
4. L'uso civile e bellico dell' uranio impoverito (il "prodotto di scarto")
5. Il batterio che ripulisce dalla radioattività




last update January 2006     ::     online since 19 December 2003