Zona NucleareThe only national site for collection of nuclear wastes in Italy,
Sogin, Personages, Rules, radioactive wastes business,
ambiguous situations of a story around which turn Millions of Euro



Il sito unico nazionale per la raccolta delle scorie nucleari , la Sogin, i Personaggi, le Norme, il business dei rifiuti radioattivi  italiano

    The only national site for collection of nuclear wastes in Italy, Sogin, Personages, Rules, radioactive wastes business  english
    Le seul site national pour la récolte des déchets nucléaires en Italie, le Sogin, les Personnages, les Règles, le business des déchets radioactifs  francais
    イタリアにおける国の統合核廃棄物処分場、la Sogin(核施設管理株式会社)、重要人物、法規、放射性廃棄物ビジネス  japanese
    El único “sitio nacional” por la recolección de la basura nuclear en Italia, la SOGIN, los personajes, las normas, el negocio de los desechos radiactivos  espanol
    Einziges Atommüll-Endlager in Italien, die SOGIN, die Mitwirkenden, die Normen, der Business des radioaktiven Abfalls  deutsch

1. I.A.E.A. report of nuclear power development in Italy
2. What is SOGIN - Nuclear Plant Management?
3. What is ANPA (now called APAT)?
4. Decommissioning in Italy - National fact sheet
5. Status of decommissioning activities of Italian Nuclear Power Plants
6. More info about Scanzano Jonico (or Ionico) and nuclear waste repository
7. Italy to send nuclear waste abroad for disposal and UK to keep foreign nuclear waste


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Scanzano Jonico (or Ionico) and the site for a national nuclear waste repository
(in «Stockholm International Conference on Geological Respositories: Political and Technical Progress» - december 2003)


After the referendum held on 1987, Italy has banned the generation of energy from nuclear reactors.
Currently, Italy is confronted with the problem of dismantling nuclear power stations and of ensuring safety solution for nuclear waste (Nuclear Source Material, Nuclear Fuel Material and irradiated fuel elements). Some of the waste presently produced comes from research, industrial or medical activities (1.500 mc/year of low and medium level waste).

The numbers of the problem are (Rubbia, 2003):
− 25.000 mc of waste;
− 1.500 elements of depleted nuclear fuel;
− 130 of fresh fuel, 132 of irradiated fuel;
− 33 mc of vitrified wastes;
− 60.000 mc of waste from dismantling.;
− the nuclear materials are stored in quite 150 sites spread across the national territory and the control standards are not adequate (Draft Law of conversion of the D.L. 314 - relation).

Currently, the yet-high connected risks, due to the considerable number of sites and not homogeneous storage management procedure, seem to be worsened by the international scenario because of the hyphothesys of terroristic actions (Draft Law of conversion of the D.L. 314 - relation).
On march 2003, the Italian Prime Minister appointed the President of the Nuclear Plants Management Company SOGIN as Nuclear Safety Commissioner, with the specific task to provide the maximum degree of safety for nuclear materials and to initiate the plants dismantling procedures. The Commissioner, in agreement with the Conference of Regional Authorities Presidents, had to promote a study to identify successful solutions to a centralized management of radiation waste storage (O.P.C.M. 20.03.2003).

The Decree-Law n.314 of november the 14th has announced the realization of a national geological storage of all II and III category nuclear material and the irradiated elements, in the area of Scanzano Ionico, in the Basilicata Region. The site is declared as military defence installation of National properties. The Decree-Law allows emergency procedure and the deadline to complete the work is 12.31.2006. The Company that will realize the work (the same SOGIN) has to validate the site with a subsequent study. On the same site the temporary storage structures are to be built. (D.L. 314 14.11.2003)

Waste site in the area of Scanzano Ionico: Terzo Cavone, the proposed site, a flat area at sea level just 200 meters from the beach and 100 meters from the Cavone River

The selection criteria concerning the technology to be used and of the identification of the location are not clearly specified. In the Decree-Law it is held that the site of Scansano has been chosed in relation of the soil geomorphological features. Many researches have expressed some reserve on the
identification of the site, in relation to the proximity to the sea (600mt), the cost regression process of 0.5 m/year, the location in sismic area 3, the geologial features itself, and the high population density (Rubbia, 2003). The identification of the site has been neither concerted nor communicated in advance to the concerned Local Authorities.
The issue of the Decree-Law has created the alarm state among the population of the area: immediately from the beginning a pacific occupation of the site has been carried out and information and public awareness activities have been launched. From the first moment it was clear, to the common people and to the Local Authorities, that the implementation of such a depository represents an enormous hazard for an area larger that the municipal one, involving a great part of southern Italy, ad for the people living in. It was also clear that, apart from the health hazard, the construction of a permanent nuclear storage would seriously damage the tourism and agricultural based economy of the area. The area of Metapontino, where Scanzano is located, is a promising touristic reality and an important rural area whose precious and biological production is exported all over Europe. During the recent decades many public and private investments have been making to consolidate and to reinforce the position on touristic and fruit and vegetables market, according to sustainable development programmes fostered and supported at EU and local level. The Government decision on the site would vanish the attempts made by the local community to preserve the environment, to enhance the natural resources, and contextually to create concrete opportunities to invert the depopulation regional trend.
The claim of the Institutions has added to the popular one: the local municipalities has interpreted the role of mouth piece of worries and demands from the relevent population; furthermorethe regional administration has complained the lack of involvement and consultation in the decision making process.

The awareness-raising activity of the population, Istitutions, stakeholders, political parties, trade union organizations, environmental movements, a wide range of gross-roust associations joining the protest, has achieved a success greater than expected: 14 day long occupation of site and trasport infrastructure facilities around it, more than 22.000 subscription at the on-line protest petition demanding the cancellation of the Decree-Law, the formal demand of cancellation to the Government by the Conference of Regional Authorities Presidents, the reports of different-field researchers expressing dissents and doubts on the decision (Rubbia, 2003; La Reppubblica, 2003a; La Reppubblica, 2003b; Autorità Interregionale di Bacino della Basilicata, 2003).

November 23th 2003 - 100'000 persons made a protest march on the street Jonica, between Policoro and Scanzano Jonico   November 23th 2003 - This was a protest without political colour: with the people of the region Basilicata were the residents of the near regions Calabria, Puglia and Campania   November 23th 2003 - Up to 100'000 people marched in what was described as the largest demonstration ever in the southern region of Basilicata, which has a population of about half a million. Thousands demonstrated regularly, some camping out at the storage site, and thousands more marched on Parliament in Rome

The Government has not cancelled the Decree-Law but has amended it erasing the name of Scanzano, giving the Commissioner one year to indicate the definitive site by the aid af a scientific commission and by comparison with other solutions proposed by the Conference of Regional Authorities Presidents, and confirming the centralized and accelerated procedure for the environmental impact assessment and the military concern of the site. (Emandation at the D.L. 314 14.11.2003 on 27.11.2003)

The emendation is only a first achievement; currently the Draft Law of conversion is object of a debate in the Parlament and the opposition to it is strong and widespread.
The above mentioned events gives evidence of as the awareness of population on health, environment, self-determination, land use planning, and institutional relationship is mature enough so that such an impacting decision cannot be taken against the will of the people and without the agreement with local administration. The allocation and storage of nuclear waste cannot be faced as a mere question of science or discussed as a technical concern; it is primarily a political matter, ad
the most recent story of Scanzano has demonstrated it.
A forecast for the future: wherever the Commissioner will decide to allocate the national final storage of nuclear materials according to the current Decree-Law, without scientific studies and long-term tests on-site obout the hazard for population and activities, without a wide information to the population and without involving the concerned Local Authorities, there the local comunity will avoid it in every way.




La Repubblica [2003b], A. Cianciullo, Tutti i rischi del cimitero nucleare, 15.11.2003, p.15, in italian.
La Repubblica [2003a], L. Parise, Pratesi: un’idea discutibile serviva un altro confronto, 15.11.2003, inserto Bari, p.2, in italian.
C. Rubbia [2003], Audizione alla VIII Commissione Ambiente della Camera dei Deputati, in merito al D.L. 14/11/2003 n.314, in italian.
Autorità Interregionale di Bacino della Basilicata, [2003], Diagramma della popolazione interessata, in italian.

source: Basilicata Region





(usa il motore di ricerca e trovi quello che vuoi nelle oltre 800 pagine del sito)

1. Cosa è la radioattività? e i suoi effetti?
2. L' uomo, le radiazioni corpuscolari ed elettromagnetiche, le radiazioni ionizzanti
3. Le applicazioni della radioattività e delle radiazioni ionizzanti
4. Cosa sono le scorie nucleari?
5. Cosa sono i rifiuti radioattivi? (definizione, classificazione, origine)
6. La gestione dei rifiuti radioattivi

7. Documentazione scientifica in merito alla materia "rifiuti nucleari"
8. Come si effettua rilevamento e la misurazione della radioattività? (cenni normativi, strumenti, unità di misura)

1. La scelta del sito per il deposito di rifiuti nucleari: dall' Enea alla Sogin
2. Scorie nucleari. Il Commissario e la Commissione
3. Il decreto-legge n. 314/03 e la legge di conversione n.368/03
Accordi, norme e raccomandazioni internazionali che non sono state rispettate nella legge 368/03
Risoluzione del Comitato delle Regioni (organo UE) n. 251 del 1998
6. Il Progetto europeo COMPAS
7. Riferimenti normativi in merito alla materia "rifiuti nucleari"
8. Guida Tecnica n. 26 - La gestione dei rifiuti radioattivi

9. Le Direttive Europee che disciplinano l’ accesso del pubblico all’ informazione ambientale
10. Il diritto alle informazioni e ai processi decisionali e le sue basi normative
1. La commissione parlamentare d' inchiesta Scalia
2. La Task Force Enea
3. L' Inventario   Nazionale dei Rifiuti Radioattivi - ENEA 2000
4. Il GIS (Sistema Informativo Geografico) della Task Force Enea
5. Il GIS (Sistema Informativo Geografico) del GSP3 - SITO
6. Carlo Jean, un Generale molto militare, poco nucleare...
7. I mille incarichi del prof. Paolo Togni - vice della Sogin e tanto altro...
8. La Sogin Spa e il nucleare in Italia
9. Le attività della Sogin
10. Il parere che Carlo Rubbia ha esposto in Parlamento
Il parere degli esperti: J.K. Mitchell, B. De Vivo, P.Risoluti, T. Regge
12. Quali fattori per la scelta: scientifici? ...o forse politici?
13. Il referendum sul nucleare del 1987
14. Mappa degli attuali depositi di materiale radioattivo in Italia
La situazione in Italia dei rifiuti radioattivi
16. Studio Sogin per la localizzazione del sito a Scanzano Ionico - relazione integrale
17. Studio Sogin per la localizzazione del sito a Scanzano Ionico - appendice finale
18. Workshop internazionale sul decommissioning degli impianti nucleari - Roma 2004
1. L' ecomafia dei rifiuti in Italia
2. Il traffico di materiale ferroso contaminato alle fonderie
3. Navi affondate e sospetti: i traffici di rifiuti pericolosi e radioattivi
4. La legge-delega sull'ambiente: effetti, personaggi, valutazioni
5. Il Ministro dell’Ambiente Matteoli: paralisi o no?

6. La costruzione del "sito unico": l'Impregilo e la B.N.L. in prima linea?
7. A Taranto una base USA per i sottomarini nucleari?
8. Il rischio attentati terroristici legati ai depositi di scorie radioattive
1. La situazione in Europa dei rifiuti radioattivi
2. I depositi per lo smaltimento dei rifiuti nucleari nel mondo
Il problema delle scorie radioattive in USA

4. Il problema delle scorie radioattive in Russia
5. L'impianto di Sellafield in Gran Bretagna per il trattamento di rifiuti nucleari
Lo smantellamento degli arsenali nucleari, l' uranio altamente arricchito (HEU), il plutonio e il mox
7. Il costo per la conservazione e lo smaltimento definitivo del materiale radioattivo
1. Lo smaltimento sotto i fondali marini
La "trasmutazione" dei nuclei radioattivi a vita media-lunga in elementi stabili e il "motore" di Rubbia

3. Il Sole come discarica per le scorie nucleari
4. L'uso civile e bellico dell' uranio impoverito (il "prodotto di scarto")
5. Il batterio che ripulisce dalla radioattività




last update January 2006     ::     online since 19 December 2003